1919 World Series

Even a casual baseball fan can tell you a little something about the Black Sox scandal of 1919. The very fiber that held the game together was challenged when the news broke a year after the series that a fix was on from the first inning of game. Eight members of the participating White Sox including pitchers Eddie Cicotte and Claude (Lefty) Williams, outfielders Joe Jackson and Happy Felsch, first baseman Chick Gandil, shortstop Swede Risberg, third baseman Buck Weaver and reserve infielder Fred McMullin were all charged with conspiring to fix the outcome of the Fall Classic against the Cincinnati Reds. Cynics were tipped off before the Series even started when the pre-game betting odds swapped shortly before the first game. Chicago's White Sox were originally slated as heavy favorites, but were later changed to underdogs in favor of the Cincinnati Reds. Despite the rumors, most fans and members of the press accepted the games to be true, but all that would change in 1920 as suspicions turned into confessions.

The first Game of the 1919 scandal featured an outstanding and "authentic" performance by the Reds' pitcher Dutch Ruether. In addition to going the distance in a six hitter, he went three for three with two triples and three runs batted in. Greasy Neale, who would go on to lead his team in hitting with a .351, also performed well at the plate in tandem with teammate Jake Daubert. The White Sox put on quite a show themselves, losing 9-1 in questionable fashion. Nothing changed the following day as Cincinnati's Slim Sallee faired the same, tossing a 4-2 Game 2 victory that was sealed by a Larry Kopf two run triple in the fourth. Dickey Kerr, an up and coming rookie for the White Sox, drew the start for Game 3. Apparently untouched by the scandal, the tough lefthander refused to roll over and threw a three hit 3-0 winner to put Chicago back in the race (whether they wanted to be or not).

The inspired Reds, unaware that a fix was on, pitched back-to-back shutouts in Games 4 and 5 on the arms of Jimmy Ring (2-0) and Hod Eller (5-0) who sat down six consecutive batters. But wait! It wasn't over yet... In any other year, the Series would have ended there, but 1919 was different. Due to the intense postwar interest, the commissioner of baseball had decided to extend this Fall Classic to a best-of-nine affair.

To curb further suspicion, the Black Sox decided to make a reasonable effort and rebounded in the following two games with 5-4 and 4-1 victories. Cincinnati "dominated" the final outing "with a little help" from their crooked rivals in a 10-5 stomp that started with four runs in the first inning. The Reds had won their first World Championship in their first Fall Classic appearance. Unfortunately, the victory would be bittersweet after the scandal had been confirmed a year later. The Black Sox had been able to camouflague their deception by being selective in their misdeeds. Joe Jackson had batted a Series-leading .375 but acknowledged that he had let up in key situations. Buck Weaver had also performed well at the plate by hitting .324. Chick Gandil had game-deciding hits in two outings and Eddie Cicotte had tossed a one-run game to avoid elimination.

After a lengthy investigation in 1920, the members of Chicago's tainted team were amazingly acquitted the following year despite their own confessions (which were recanted later). All of the players involved were banned from baseball because of their undeniable link to gamblers. The league offices were constantly denying accusations from the press that professional baseball itself was in on the take and made every effort to assure the fans that the 1919 scandal was an isolated incident. "Regardless of the verdict of juries," the commissioner said in a statement, "no player that throws a ball game, no player that entertains proposals or promises to throw a game, no player that sits in a conference with a bunch of crooked players and gamblers where the ways and means of throwing games are discussed, and does not promptly tell his club about it, will ever again play professional baseball." To this day participants in the Black Sox conspiracy have been denied entry into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Baseball Almanac Top Quote

"Regardless of the verdict of juries, no player that throws a ball game, no player that entertains proposals or promises to throw a game, no player that sits in a conference with a bunch of crooked players and gamblers where the ways and means of throwing games are discussed, and does not promptly tell his club about it, will ever play professional baseball." - Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis

1919 World Series

1919 World Series Program

1919 World Series Official Program

Cincinnati Reds (5) vs Chicago White Sox (3)

Game 1
Date / Box Score
Location
Attendance
30,511
Game 2
Date / Box Score
Location
Attendance
29,690
Game 3
Date / Box Score
Location
Attendance
29,126
Game 4
Date / Box Score
Location
Attendance
34,363
Game 5
Date / Box Score
Location
Attendance
34,379
Game 6
Date / Box Score
Location
Attendance
32,006
Game 7
Date / Box Score
Location
Attendance
13,923
Game 8
Date / Box Score
Location
Attendance
32,930
1919 World Series Fast Facts

1919 World Series
Game 1

Line Score / Box Score

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Chicago 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 6 1
Cincinnati 1 0 0 5 0 0 2 1 x 9 14 1
Eddie Cicotte (L)
Roy Wilkinson (4 th )
Grover Lowdermilk (8 th )
Dutch Ruether (W)
-
-
None None

1919 World Series
Game 2

Line Score / Box Score

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Chicago 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 10 1
Cincinnati 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 x 4 4 2
Lefty Williams (L) Slim Sallee (W)
None None

1919 World Series
Game 3

Line Score / Box Score

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Cincinnati 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1
Chicago 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 x 3 7 0
Ray Fisher (L)
Dolf Luque (8 th )
Dickie Kerr (W)
-
None None

1919 World Series
Game 4

Line Score / Box Score

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Cincinnati 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 5 2
Chicago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2
Jimmy Ring (W) Eddie Cicotte (L)
None None

1919 World Series
Game 5

Line Score / Box Score

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Cincinnati 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 1 5 4 0
Chicago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3
Hod Eller (W)
-
Lefty Williams (L)
Erskine Mayer (9 th )
None None

1919 World Series
Game 6

Line Score / Box Score

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R H E
Chicago 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 1 5 10 3
Cincinnati 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 11 0
Dickie Kerr (W)
-
Dutch Ruether
Jimmy Ring (L, 6 th )
None None

1919 World Series
Game 7

Line Score / Box Score

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Chicago 1 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 4 10 1
Cincinnati 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 7 4
Eddie Cicotte (W)
-
-
Slim Sallee (L)
Ray Fisher (5 th )
Dolf Luque (6 th )
None None

1919 World Series
Game 8

Line Score / Box Score

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Cincinnati 4 1 0 0 1 3 0 1 0 10 16 2
Chicago 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 4 0 5 10 1
Hod Eller (W)
-
-
Lefty Williams (L)
Bill James (1 st )
Roy Wilkinson (6 th )
None Joe Jackson (3 rd )

1919 World Series

Composite Hitting Statistics

1b
of
p
p
3b
ss
p
ph
of
c
2b
p
of
p-2
p
pr
c
8
8
2
2
8
8
2
2
8
5
8
2
8
3
2
1
3
29
26
7
2
29
27
1
2
28
19
31
5
28
6
4
0
7
7
7
2
1
5
6
0
1
10
4
7
0
6
4
0
0
4
0
2
1
0
2
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
2
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
2
0
6
3
0
0
3
0
5
0
6
2
0
0
1
1
8
0
0
2
2
0
0
4
2
2
0
7
4
0
0
1
.241
.269
.286
.500
.172
.222
.000
.500
.357
.211
.226
.000
.214
.667
.000
.000
.571
1
2
0
0
6
3
0
0
2
0
4
0
3
1
0
0
3
2
2
2
0
4
2
1
0
5
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
0
0
0
Totals
251
64
10
7
0
35
33
.255
25
22
7

1919 World Series

Composite Hitting Statistics

p
2b
of
of
1b
of
p
p
of
p
c
p
ph
ph
ss
c
3b
p
p
3
8
4
8
8
8
1
2
5
1
1
1
2
3
8
8
8
2
3
8
31
16
26
30
32
2
6
18
0
1
0
2
2
25
23
34
2
5
0
7
4
5
7
12
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
2
7
11
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
2
1
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
1
4
0
0
0
1
0
3
5
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
.000
.226
.250
.192
.233
.375
.000
.167
.056
.000
.000
.000
.500
.000
.080
.304
.324
.000
.200
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
0
0
0
3
2
0
4
3
2
1
0
3
0
0
0
0
1
3
2
2
1
3
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
Totals
263
59
10
3
1
20
17
.224
15
30
5

1919 World Series

Composite Pitching Statistics

2
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
0
1
2
2
2
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
18.0
7.2
5.0
14.0
14.0
13.1
2.00
2.35
0.00
0.64
2.57
1.35
13
7
1
7
12
19
15
2
6
4
1
2
4
2
0
1
4
2
2
2
0
6
4
1
Totals
5
3
12
8
5
0
2
72.0
1.63
59
30
13
15

1919 World Series

Composite Pitching Statistics

1
0
2
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
3
3
1
2
1
1
2
3
3
0
2
0
0
0
3
2
0
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
21.2
4.2
19.0
1.0
1.0
7.1
16.1
2.91
5.79
1.42
9.00
0.00
1.23
6.61
19
8
14
2
0
9
12
7
2
6
0
0
3
4
7
3
3
1
0
1
12
5
3
3
1
1
4
8
Totals
3
5
13
8
5
0
1
71.0
3.42
64
22
27
25
baseball almanac flat baseball

baseball almanac fast facts

Does Shoeless Joe Jackson still belong in the National Baseball Hall of Fame? How about any of the other players involved in the scandal? Discuss why or why not in our forums ...

Francis C. Richter, editor for the Reach Baseball Guide, wrote the following in 1920, "Any man who knows anything at all about base ball and base ball players knows absolutely that both the game and its exemplars are absolutely honest so far as its public presentation is concerned, and any man who insinuates that the 1919 World's Series was not honorably played by every participant therein not only does not know what he is talking about, but is a menace to the game quite as much as the gamblers would be if they had the ghost of a chance to get in their nefarious work."

The signal that the World Series "fix" was on occurred when Eddie Cicotte hit the first batter he faced in the bottom of the first inning of Game 1 .

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