YEAR IN REVIEW : 1905 American League

Off the field...

The "Industrial Workers of the World" (IWW) was founded in Chicago with the hopes of giving more control to unions. The aim of the IWW was to unite in one body all skilled and unskilled workers for the purpose of overthrowing capitalism by using direct action, propaganda, the boycott, and the strike. The IWW was also opposed the use of sabotage, arbitration, collective bargaining, and political affiliation. Unfortunately, recurring controversy during both World Wars along with accusations of treason caused dissention in the ranks from the top-down. From a probable strength of at least 30,000 in 1912, the membership later fell to less than 10,000 in 1930 and in the mid-1990s remained at less than 1,000.

In the American League...

A committee of Washington writers voted for "Nationals" as the new American League team nickname, but the "Senators" continued as the majority fan favorite.

New York Highlanders first baseman Hal Chase set a Major League record on August 5 th with thirty-eight putouts during a doubleheader sweep (3-1, 6-5) versus the visiting St. Louis Browns.

In the National League...

On April 26 th , Chicago Cubs outfielder Jack McCarthy tied a Major League record after starting three double plays to preserve a 2-1 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates. Jackson Nelson had originally set the DP record in 1887.

Brooklyn Dodgers shortstop Phil Lewis earned his paycheck and tied a National League record on July 20 th , after having eighteen chances for seven assists, six putouts and five errors en route to a 2-1 win over the Cincinnati Reds.

Pittsburgh Pirates catcher Dave Brain became the first player in National League history to hit three triples in a single game — twice in one season (vs. St. Louis and vs. Boston).

Boston Braves first baseman Fred Tenney completed the season with a National League record one-hundred fifty-two assists. The mark stood until 1986, when Sid Bream of the Pittsburgh Pirates topped it with one-hundred sixty-six.

Around the League...

New York Giants owner John T. Brush, who refused to play the American League pennant winners in 1904, proposed a new set of rules governing future World Series. Later known as the "Brush Rules," these guidelines relating to the on-field play and off-field finances of the Series are still used to this day.

The National League Board of Directors acquitted St. Louis Cardinal right-hander Jack Taylor on the charges of throwing games. Despite the verdict, Taylor was still fined $300 for using poor judgment and practicing bad conduct.

On May 30 th , both leagues posted record attendance figures for the Memorial Day holiday. Due to several doubleheaders, 80,963 attended eight American League games and 67,806 witnessed seven National League events.

Baseball Almanac Top Quote

"A tremendous clutch-hurler, Chief Bender was usually Connie Mack's choice for the game he had to win." - National Baseball Hall of Fame

1905 American League Player Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Philadelphia
121
Cleveland
.308
Philadelphia
47
St. Louis
187
Philadelphia
8
Philadelphia
.409
Philadelphia
83
Philadelphia
93
Cleveland
.462
Philadelphia
46
St. Louis
259
Cleveland
18

1905 American League Pitcher Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

St. Louis
35
Detroit
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
1.48
Philadelphia
46
St. Louis
2
Detroit
8
Philadelphia
287
Philadelphia
.730
Philadelphia
27

1905 American League

Team Standings

Philadelphia Athletics 92 56 .622 0
Chicago White Sox 92 60 .605 2
Detroit Tigers 79 74 .516 15½
Boston Americans 78 74 .513 16
Cleveland Naps 76 78 .494 19
New York Highlanders 71 78 .477 21½
Washington Senators 64 87 .424 29½
St. Louis Browns 54 99 .353 40½

1905 American League Team Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Boston
486
Philadelphia
.255
Philadelphia
256
Cleveland
1,318
Boston
29
Philadelphia
.310
Philadelphia
623
Philadelphia
.338
New York
200
Cleveland
72

1905 American League Team Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Cleveland
140
Chicago
1.99
Fewest Hits Allowed
Philadelphia
1,137
Fewest Home Runs Allowed
Chicago
11
Detroit
Fewest Walks Allowed
Boston
292
New York
4
Philadelphia
19
Philadelphia
895
baseball almanac flat baseball

baseball almanac fast facts

On May 30, 1905, single day attendance records were smashed when 80,963 fans attended the eight American League matchups.

On August 30, 1905, Ty Cobb made his Major League debut. His first hit was a double off Jack Chesbro and Detroit defeated New York 5-3.

On October 5, 1905, Chief Bender had a doubleheader dream. The Athletics pitcher started one game, appeared on the mound in two games, won both games, AND finished with six hits and eight runs batted in at the plate.

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