Year In Review : 1905 American League

O ff the field...

The "Industrial Workers of the World" (IWW) was founded in Chicago with the hopes of giving more control to unions. The aim of the IWW was to unite in one body all skilled and unskilled workers for the purpose of overthrowing capitalism by using direct action, propaganda, the boycott, and the strike. The IWW was also opposed the use of sabotage, arbitration, collective bargaining, and political affiliation. Unfortunately, recurring controversy during both World Wars along with accusations of treason caused dissention in the ranks from the top-down. From a probable strength of at least 30,000 in 1912, the membership later fell to less than 10,000 in 1930 and in the mid-1990s remained at less than 1,000.

I n the American League...

A committee of Washington writers voted for "Nationals" as the new American League team nickname, but the "Senators" continued as the majority fan favorite.

New York Highlanders first baseman Hal Chase set a Major League record on August 5 th with thirty-eight putouts during a doubleheader sweep (3-1, 6-5) versus the visiting St. Louis Browns.

I n the National League...

On April 26 th , Chicago Cubs outfielder Jack McCarthy tied a Major League record after starting three double plays to preserve a 2-1 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates. Jackson Nelson had originally set the DP record in 1887.

Brooklyn Dodgers shortstop Phil Lewis earned his paycheck and tied a National League record on July 20 th , after having eighteen chances for seven assists, six putouts and five errors en route to a 2-1 win over the Cincinnati Reds.

Boston Braves first baseman Fred Tenney completed the season with a National League record one-hundred fifty-two assists. The mark stood until 1986, when Sid Bream of the Pittsburgh Pirates topped it with one-hundred sixty-six.

A round the league...

New York Giants owner John T. Brush, who refused to play the American League pennant winners in 1904, proposed a new set of rules governing future World Series. Later known as the "Brush Rules," these guidelines relating to the on-field play and off-field finances of the Series are still used to this day.

The National League Board of Directors acquitted St. Louis Cardinal right-hander Jack Taylor on the charges of throwing games. Despite the verdict, Taylor was still fined $300 for using poor judgment and practicing bad conduct.

On May 30 th , both leagues posted record attendance figures for the Memorial Day holiday. Due to several doubleheaders, 80,963 attended eight American League games and 67,806 witnessed seven National League events.

"A tremendous clutch-hurler, Chief Bender was usually Connie Mack's choice for the game he had to win." - National Baseball Hall of Fame
1905 American League Player Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Base on Balls

Philadelphia

121

Batting Average

Cleveland

.308

Doubles

Philadelphia

47

Hits

St. Louis

187

Home Runs

Philadelphia

8

On Base Percentage

Philadelphia

.409

RBI

Philadelphia

83

Runs

Philadelphia

93

Slugging Average

Cleveland

.462

Stolen Bases

Philadelphia

46

Total Bases

St. Louis

259

Triples

Cleveland

18

1905 American League Pitcher Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Complete Games

St. Louis

35

Detroit

Philadelphia

ERA

Philadelphia

1.48

Games

Philadelphia

46

Saves

St. Louis

2

Shutouts

Detroit

8

Strikeouts

Philadelphia

287

Winning Percentage

Philadelphia

.730

Wins

Philadelphia

27

1905 American League

Team Standings

Philadelphia Athletics

92 56 .622 0

Chicago White Sox

92 60 .605 2

Detroit Tigers

79 74 .516 15½

Boston Americans

78 74 .513 16

Cleveland Naps

76 78 .494 19

New York Highlanders

71 78 .477 21½

Washington Senators

64 87 .424 29½

St. Louis Browns

54 99 .353 40½

1905 American League Team Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Base on Balls

Boston

486

Batting Average

Philadelphia

.255

Doubles

Philadelphia

256

Hits

Cleveland

1,318

Home Runs

Boston

29

On Base Percentage

Philadelphia

.310

Runs

Philadelphia

623

Slugging Average

Philadelphia

.338

Stolen Bases

New York

200

Triples

Cleveland

72

1905 American League Team Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Complete Games

Cleveland

140

ERA

Chicago

1.99

Fewest Hits Allowed

Philadelphia

1,137

Fewest Home Runs Allowed

Chicago

11

Detroit

Fewest Walks Allowed

Boston

292

Saves

New York

4

Shutouts

Philadelphia

19

Strikeouts

Philadelphia

895



On May 30, 1905, single day attendance records were smashed when 80,963 fans attended the eight American League matchups.

On August 30, 1905, Ty Cobb made his Major League debut. His first hit was a double off Jack Chesbro and Detroit defeated New York 5-3.

On October 5, 1905, Chief Bender had a doubleheader dream. The Athletics pitcher started one game, appeared on the mound in two games, won both games, AND finished with six hits and eight runs batted in at the plate.

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