YEAR IN REVIEW : 1914 American League

Off the field...

The United States finally completed the construction of the Panama Canal. The fifty-one mile long waterway ran across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans. After the United States acquired territory in the Caribbean and in the Pacific as a result of the Spanish-American War (1899), U.S. control over a man-made canal seemed imperative. In 1912, "The Panama Canal Act" was passed (exempting tolls from American cargo ships engaged in coastwise trade) igniting a protest by Great Britain that was eventually repealed in 1914 through the efforts of President Woodrow Wilson.

In the American League...

Cleveland Indians shortstop Ray Chapman stumbled his way into an unwanted record on June 20 th after committing four errors in the fifth inning during a 7-1 loss to the New York Yankees at League Park II.

During the second game of an August doubleheader in Washington, Detroit Tigers pitcher Hooks Dauss combined with four Senators aces to hit a record seven batters for a Major League mark that remained unmatched until the 1971 season.

In September, New York Yankees shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh replaced Frank Chance to become the club's all-time youngest skipper (twenty-three), and the seventh in its twelve-year existence. He later went on to win nine of seventeen games and eventually managed Cleveland in 1928.

In the National League...

On June 9 th at the Baker Bowl, Pittsburgh Pirate legend Honus Wagner joined Cap Anson as the only other member of the "3,000 Hit Club". Wagner collected the game-winning double off the Philadelphia Phillies' Erskine Mayer in the ninth-inning of his two-thousand three-hundred thirty second game.

Pittsburgh and New York went head-to-head for a twenty-one innings on July 17 th before Larry Doyle's two-run home run sealed a 3-1 Giants victory over the Pirates. The Forbes Field marathon set a Major League mark as the longest "non-walk game" in the history of organized baseball.

Brooklyn Dodgers first baseman Jake Daubert tied a Major League mark on August 15 th after recording four sacrifice bunts in the second game of a doubleheader sweep against the Philadelphia Phillies (8-4, 13-5). Daubert had also placed two sacrifice bunts in the first game after an ankle injury impeded his ability to run.

In the Federal League...

1914 debuted the short-lived Federal League after John T. Powers of Chicago convinced a group of entrepreneurs that the growing popularity of baseball could support a third major league. Eight teams entered the inaugural season with clubs based in Brooklyn, Chicago, St. Louis and Pittsburgh as well as Baltimore, Kansas City, Buffalo and Indianapolis which had been the home for AAA teams. All eight cities constructed brand new ballparks including the Chicago Whales who played in what would eventually be known as Wrigley Field.

To effectively compete, the owners lured eighty-one former Major League players (eighteen of which were active) and one-hundred forty Minor League players (twenty-five of which were active) into the Federal League Baseball Company, Inc.

On May 6 th , Pittsburgh Rebel Ed Lennox collected the only Federal League cycle during a 10-4 win over the Kansas City Packers.

Around the League...

A joint committee representing both the American and National Leagues voted that a "runner touched or held by a coach while rounding third base was officially out" and that "coaches could now assist other members of their team, not just the base runners". Pitchers were also allowed to stand on the rubber (vs. standing behind the rubber until ready to pitch) and base runners were no longer permitted to run on an infield fly. A motion to eliminate the intentional walk was also rejected along with an attempt to legalize Sunday baseball in Massachusetts.

In April, the twenty-five player limit was suspended in both the American and National Leagues. With uncertainty over who has signed with what teams, it was almost impossible to verify how many players could be on any club's roster at any one time.

On April 22 nd , a nineteen year-old pitcher named Babe Ruth made his debut in the International League with a six-hit, 6-0 win for Baltimore over Buffalo. The second batter he faced was Joe McCarthy, the manager he would later play for as a New York Yankee.

Baseball Almanac Top Quote

"He (Ty Cobb) has assured president Navin of the Tigers that he will sign a contract for next year." - New York Times (January 18, 1914)

1914 American League Player Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Detroit
112
Detroit
.368
Boston
46
Boston
193
Philadelphia
9
Philadelphia
.452
Detroit
104
Philadelphia
122
Detroit
.513
New York
74
Boston
287
Detroit
26

1914 American League Pitcher Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Washington
33
Boston
0.96
Washington
51
Washington
4
Detroit
Chicago
St. Louis
Washington
Washington
9
Washington
225
Philadelphia
.850
Washington
28

1914 American League

Team Standings

Philadelphia Athletics 99 53 .651 0
Boston Red Sox 91 62 .595
Washington Senators 81 73 .526 19
Detroit Tigers 80 73 .523 19½
St. Louis Browns 71 82 .464 28½
New York Yankees 70 84 .455 30
Chicago White Sox 70 84 .455 30
Cleveland Naps 51 102 .333 48½

1914 American League Team Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

New York
577
Philadelphia
.272
Boston
226
Philadelphia
1,392
Philadelphia
29
Philadelphia
.348
Philadelphia
749
Philadelphia
.352
New York
251
Boston
85

1914 American League Team Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

New York
98
Boston
2.36
Fewest Hits Allowed
Washington
1,170
Fewest Home Runs Allowed
Cleveland
10
Fewest Walks Allowed
New York
390
Washington
20
Washington
25
Washington
784
baseball almanac flat baseball

baseball almanac fast facts

On July 11, 1914, Babe Ruth of Boston made his Major League debut and pitched a 4-3 win versus Cleveland . During his first at-bat, the mighty Ruth struck out.

On September 16, 1914, a twenty-three year old Yankee shortstop named Roger Peckinpaugh took the helm of the New York Yankees and became the youngest manager in baseball history.

On September 22, 1914, Ray Collins of the Boston Red Sox pitched two complete-game victories on the same day versus the Detroit Tigers .

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