Year In Review : 1914 American League

O ff the field...

The United States finally completed the construction of the Panama Canal. The fifty-one mile long waterway ran across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans. After the United States acquired territory in the Caribbean and in the Pacific as a result of the Spanish-American War (1899), U.S. control over a man-made canal seemed imperative. In 1912, "The Panama Canal Act" was passed (exempting tolls from American cargo ships engaged in coastwise trade) igniting a protest by Great Britain that was eventually repealed in 1914 through the efforts of President Woodrow Wilson.

I n the American League...

Cleveland Indians shortstop Ray Chapman stumbled his way into an unwanted record on June 20 th after committing four errors in the fifth inning during a 7-1 loss to the New York Yankees at League Park II.

During the second game of an August doubleheader in Washington, Detroit Tigers pitcher Hooks Dauss combined with four Senators aces to hit a record seven batters for a Major League mark that remained unmatched until the 1971 season.

In September, New York Yankees shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh replaced Frank Chance to become the club's all-time youngest skipper (twenty-three), and the seventh in its twelve-year existence. He later went on to win nine of seventeen games and eventually managed Cleveland in 1928.

I n the National League...

On June 9 th at the Baker Bowl, Pittsburgh Pirate legend Honus Wagner joined Cap Anson as the only other member of the "3,000 Hit Club". Wagner collected the game-winning double off the Philadelphia Phillies' Erskine Mayer in the ninth-inning of his two-thousand three-hundred thirty second game.

Pittsburgh and New York went head-to-head for a twenty-one innings on July 17 th before Larry Doyle's two-run home run sealed a 3-1 Giants victory over the Pirates. The Forbes Field marathon set a Major League mark as the longest "non-walk game" in the history of organized baseball.

Brooklyn Dodgers first baseman Jake Daubert tied a Major League mark on August 15 th after recording four sacrifice bunts in the second game of a doubleheader sweep against the Philadelphia Phillies (8-4, 13-5). Daubert had also placed two sacrifice bunts in the first game after an ankle injury impeded his ability to run.

I n the Federal League...

1914 debuted the short-lived Federal League after John T. Powers of Chicago convinced a group of entrepreneurs that the growing popularity of baseball could support a third major league. Eight teams entered the inaugural season with clubs based in Brooklyn, Chicago, St. Louis and Pittsburgh as well as Baltimore, Kansas City, Buffalo and Indianapolis which had been the home for AAA teams. All eight cities constructed brand new ballparks including the Chicago Whales who played in what would eventually be known as Wrigley Field.

To effectively compete, the owners lured eighty-one former Major League players (eighteen of which were active) and one-hundred forty Minor League players (twenty-five of which were active) into the Federal League Baseball Company, Inc.

On May 6 th , Pittsburgh Rebel Ed Lennox collected the only Federal League cycle during a 10-4 win over the Kansas City Packers.

A round the league...

A joint committee representing both the American and National Leagues voted that a "runner touched or held by a coach while rounding third base was officially out" and that "coaches could now assist other members of their team, not just the base runners". Pitchers were also allowed to stand on the rubber (vs. standing behind the rubber until ready to pitch) and base runners were no longer permitted to run on an infield fly. A motion to eliminate the intentional walk was also rejected along with an attempt to legalize Sunday baseball in Massachusetts.

In April, the twenty-five player limit was suspended in both the American and National Leagues. With uncertainty over who has signed with what teams, it was almost impossible to verify how many players could be on any club's roster at any one time.

On April 22 nd , a nineteen year-old pitcher named Babe Ruth made his debut in the International League with a six-hit, 6-0 win for Baltimore over Buffalo. The second batter he faced was Joe McCarthy, the manager he would later play for as a New York Yankee.

"He (Ty Cobb) has assured president Navin of the Tigers that he will sign a contract for next year." - New York Times (January 18, 1914)
1914 American League Player Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Base on Balls

Detroit

112

Batting Average

Detroit

.368

Doubles

Boston

46

Hits

Boston

193

Home Runs

Philadelphia

9

On Base Percentage

Philadelphia

.452

RBI

Detroit

104

Runs

Philadelphia

122

Slugging Average

Detroit

.513

Stolen Bases

New York

74

Total Bases

Boston

287

Triples

Detroit

26

1914 American League Pitcher Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Complete Games

Washington

33

ERA

Boston

0.96

Games

Washington

51

Saves

Washington

4

Detroit

Chicago

St. Louis

Washington

Shutouts

Washington

9

Strikeouts

Washington

225

Winning Percentage

Philadelphia

.850

Wins

Washington

28

1914 American League

Team Standings

Philadelphia Athletics

99 53 .651 0

Boston Red Sox

91 62 .595

Washington Senators

81 73 .526 19

Detroit Tigers

80 73 .523 19½

St. Louis Browns

71 82 .464 28½

New York Yankees

70 84 .455 30

Chicago White Sox

70 84 .455 30

Cleveland Naps

51 102 .333 48½

1914 American League Team Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Base on Balls

New York

577

Batting Average

Philadelphia

.272

Doubles

Boston

226

Hits

Philadelphia

1,392

Home Runs

Philadelphia

29

On Base Percentage

Philadelphia

.348

Runs

Philadelphia

749

Slugging Average

Philadelphia

.352

Stolen Bases

New York

251

Triples

Boston

85

1914 American League Team Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Complete Games

New York

98

ERA

Boston

2.36

Fewest Hits Allowed

Washington

1,170

Fewest Home Runs Allowed

Cleveland

10

Fewest Walks Allowed

New York

390

Saves

Washington

20

Shutouts

Washington

25

Strikeouts

Washington

784



On July 11, 1914, Babe Ruth of Boston made his Major League debut and pitched a 4-3 win versus Cleveland . During his first at-bat, the mighty Ruth struck out.

On September 16, 1914, a twenty-three year old Yankee shortstop named Roger Peckinpaugh took the helm of the New York Yankees and became the youngest manager in baseball history.

On September 22, 1914, Ray Collins of the Boston Red Sox pitched two complete-game victories on the same day versus the Detroit Tigers .

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