Year In Review : 1946 National League

Off the field...

John William Mauchly designed the first all-electronic computer for the U.S. Department of Army Ordnance to help compute ballistic firing tables. The revolutionary device, called the ENIAC, weighed thirty tons and consisted of thirty separate units that were cooled by a crude, forced-air system. The all "digital" computer operated on 19,000 vacuum tubes, 1,500 relays, and hundreds of thousands of resistors, capacitors, and inductors that consumed almost 200 kilowatts of electrical power.

Dr. Benjamin Spock published his first book "The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care" with a dramatic contrast to earlier child-care guides that favored rigid schedules and warned against showing a child too much affection. . Spock's book was reassuring in its support of maternal tenderness and went on to sell 25,000,000 copies while revolutionizing parenting in the United States and abroad.

In the American League...

The New York Yankees became the first Major League Baseball team to fly on a regular basis after leasing a United Airlines plane nicknamed the "Yankee Mainliner". Despite the convenience of a shortened travel schedule, four players, including Red Ruffing, still elected to take the train.

Boston Red Sox second baseman Johnny Pesky became the first American League player to single-handedly score six runs in a game during a 14-10 triumph over the Chicago White Sox on May 8 th for their thirteenth straight victory. Boston extended its streak to fifteen games before losing to their rivals, the New York Yankees, on May 11 th .

The American League All-Stars embarrassed the National's representatives with a 12-0 triumph at Fenway Park. Despite the lop-sided finale, this particular Midsummer Classic remained special, as the '45 event had been cancelled due to wartime travel restrictions. Many players later stated that they had never seen a more festive occasion and many of them had not seen their major league rivals in several years. "Home field" slugger Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox led the charge with two home runs, two singles, a walk, four runs scored and four runs batted in.

In the National League...

On March 17 th , the Brooklyn Dodgers played an exhibition game in Daytona Beach against their own Minor League farm team, the Montreal Royals. With Jackie Robinson in the line-up, it marked the first appearance of an integrated baseball team during the 20 th century. As a fitting tribute, the field was later renamed Jackie Robinson Ballpark in honor of the man who broke through baseball's color barrier.

On May 20 th , Chicago Cubs ace Claude Passeau made his first error since 1941 to end an all-time pitcher's fielding streak of two-hundred seventy-three consecutive errorless chances. Passeau was noted for playing with a special modified glove due to a deformed left hand that was disfigured by a childhood shooting accident.

The Pittsburgh Pirates voted 20-16 in favor of a walkout (prior to a game against the New York Giants) in order to gain recognition of the American Baseball Guild. According to league policy however, a two-thirds majority vote was required to "legally" initiate a strike. Despite being unsuccessful, the players had made a statement in direct support of the newly established coalition that had yet to be acknowledged by the league. As a prelude to the Players Association, the guild had proposed the increase of the leagues' minimum salary to $7,500 as well as a formal arbitration policy for all future salary disputes.

Around the League...

The Chicago White Sox became the first Major League team to provide an official Media Guide for the baseball writers. The seventeen-page publication had been developed by Marsh Samuel and listed individual player and team information as well as limited statistical data. Bill Veeck was so impressed by the concept; he hired Samuel himself to develop a similar guide for the Cleveland Indians.

The Detroit Tigers, Cincinnati Reds, Philadelphia Athletics and Phillies all refused to raise their standard ticket fare while the rest of the league upped their costs considerably with $2.50 for boxes, $1.25 for general admission and .60 cents for outfield bleachers.

Fortune magazine published a study into the finances of Major League Baseball that included a detailed report on the New York Yankees franchise. As a sign of things to come, the Bronx Bombers posted league high revenues of $306,000 that were cut to $201,000 following Minor League losses. Of their overall gross income, $896,000 came from home ticket sales. Despite playing poorly, the Yanks completed their home season with a record attendance of 2,309,029. The best previous draw was credited to the Chicago Cubs who boasted 1,485,166 fans in 1929.

On Friday, August 9 th , all games (four each for both the American and National Leagues) were played at night for the first time in Major League history.

Baseball Almanac Top Quote

"An eephus (the 'name' of the pitch thrown by Rip Sewell) ain't nothing and that's what that ball is." - Pittsburgh outfielder Maurice Van Robays (who is credited with naming the pitch)

1946 National League Player Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Base on Balls
Brooklyn
137
Batting Average
St. Louis
.365
Doubles
St. Louis
50
Hits
St. Louis
228
Home Runs
Pittsburgh
23
On Base Percentage
Brooklyn
.436
RBI
St. Louis
130
Runs
St. Louis
124
Slugging Average
St. Louis
.587
Stolen Bases
Brooklyn
34
Total Bases
St. Louis
366
Triples
St. Louis
20

1946 National League Pitcher Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Complete Games
Boston
24
ERA
St. Louis
2.10
Games
New York
48
Saves
Philadelphia
6
Shutouts
Cincinnati
5
St. Louis
Strikeouts
Chicago
135
Winning Percentage
St. Louis
.714
Wins
St. Louis
21

1946 National League

Team Standings

St. Louis Cardinals 98 58 .628 0
Brooklyn Dodgers 96 60 .615 2
Chicago Cubs 82 71 .536 14½
Boston Braves 81 72 .529 15½
Philadelphia Phillies 69 85 .448 28
Cincinnati Reds 67 87 .435 30
Pittsburgh Pirates 63 91 .409 34
New York Giants 61 93 .396 36

1946 National League Team Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Base on Balls
Brooklyn
691
Batting Average
St. Louis
.265
Doubles
St. Louis
265
Hits
St. Louis
1,426
Home Runs
New York
121
On Base Percentage
Brooklyn
.348
Runs
St. Louis
712
Slugging Average
St. Louis
.381
Stolen Bases
Brooklyn
100
Triples
Brooklyn
66

1946 National League Team Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Complete Games
St. Louis
75
ERA
St. Louis
3.01
Fewest Hits Allowed
Brooklyn
1,280
Fewest Home Runs Allowed
Pittsburgh
50
Fewest Walks Allowed
Cincinnati
467
Saves
Brooklyn
28
Shutouts
St. Louis
18
Strikeouts
Brooklyn
467
baseball almanac flat baseball

baseball almanac fast facts

The 1946 Boston Braves started a new trend when they published the first official team yearbook which they called the Braves' Sketch Book.

Who threw the fastest pitch ever? There has always been much debate, but on August 20, 1946 the U.S. Army Sky Screen Chronograph tested Bob Feller's fastball and it was clocked at 98.6 miles per hour - a speed they said is accurate to 1/10,000 th of a second. Do you believe there was a faster National League pitcher? Join Baseball Fever and voice your opinion today.

On September 11, 1946, the Cincinnati Reds and Brooklyn Dodgers played a 4:40 tie game — the longest tie game played to date and it was ended due to darkness.

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