Year In Review : 1974 American League

O ff the field...

On August 8th, 1974 Richard Nixon became the first President in U.S. history to resign. His decision to step down came as the House of Representatives was poised to vote on the articles of impeachment against him due to his involvement the Watergate scandal.

Patricia Hearst, the heiress to the Hearst fortune, was kidnapped by a radical terrorist group called the "Symbionese Liberation Army" resulting in one of the largest manhunts of all time. While under control of the S.L.A., she was brainwashed and forced to rob a bank while protecting her "comrades in arms." After she was found, Hearst was convicted for grand theft and served almost two years of a seven-year prison term. Finally, she was released with help from President Jimmy Carter and two decades later, President Bill Clinton granted her a full pardon.

Charles A. Lindbergh, the first man to fly across the Atlantic (from New York-to-Paris) in 1927 aboard the "Spirit of St. Louis", died of cancer of the lymphatic system. The aviation pioneer had become a recluse after retiring to the island of Kipahulu, Hawaii where he developed an active concern with conservation. Upon hearing of his death, President Ford stated the courage and daring of his historic flight would never be forgotten and that he would be remembered as one of America's all-time heroes.

I n the American League...

"Ten-Cent Beer Night" in Cleveland backfired after drunken and disorderly fans stumbled onto the field of play causing the Indians to forfeit the game to the Texas Rangers. With a five-all score in the ninth, Tribe fans poured onto the field and surrounded outfielder Jeff Burroughs while trying to take his hat and glove for souvenirs. After players from both sides rushed to his aid, the game was called in favor of the visitors.

Principal New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner was suspended for two years by the Commissioner's Office after he was convicted in federal court for making illegal contributions to the re-election campaign of President Richard Nixon.

The Oakland Athletics' Gene Tenace proved that it's not always what you do, but sometimes what you don't. Tenace tied a 1930 mark set by John Clancy of the Chicago White Sox in which the first baseman played an entire nine-innings without ever having a fielding chance.

I n the National League...

On Thursday April 4th, Hank Aaron hit a three-run homer off of Jack Billingham as the Atlanta Braves lost to the Reds 7-6, at Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium. The eleven inning game itself took a backseat to "Hammerin'" Hank, who had finally tied Babe Ruth with home run number 714. Both Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn and Vice-president Gerald Ford were on hand to congratulate the slugger who had persevered over racial prejudice and death threats from several fans who did not want to see the Bambino's record fall to a black man. Four days later, back home at Fulton County Stadium, Aaron hit number 715 off Los Angeles Dodgers' lefty, Al Downing. Lost in the celebration was Aaron's tying of Willie Mays' National League record of 2,063 runs as well as his team's 7-4 victory.

The Mets lost 4-3 to the Cardinals during a "long-distance" marathon night game on September 11th. After seven hours and twenty-five innings, the outing became the longest game to a decision in Major League history. In the end, New York had batted one-hundred three times and St. Louis was not far behind with ninety-nine plate appearances. A record one-hundred seventy-five official at-bats were recorded, with a Major League record of forty-five runners left stranded. Despite the historical moment, only a thousand fans were on hand when it finally ended at 3:13 a.m.

On June 29th, Lou Brock nabbed his seven-hundredth bag at Wrigley Field as the St. Louis Cardinals crushed the hometown "Cubbies" 11-2. Brock's sixty-fifth robbery of the season put him in the company of baseball's greatest "criminals" including Ty Cobb, who stole eight-hundred ninety-two bases, Eddie Collins (seven-hundred forty-three), Max Carey (seven-hundred thirty-eight) and Honus Wagner (seven-hundred one).

A round the League...

Forty-eight major leaguers opted to try the new arbitration procedure that had been established to aid in the negotiation of contract differences. The first to file was Minnesota pitcher Dick Woodson, who was seeking an agreement worth $29,000. The Twins had offered $23,000 and both parties presented their arguments to a Detroit lawyer and labor arbitrator Harry H. Platt. After reviewing the monetary amounts presented, the verdict was cast in Woodson's favor.

A new organization known as the "Major League Scouting Bureau" was founded to cut expenditures across the league by centralizing scouting. Initially, membership was not mandatory (until 1984) resulting in only seventeen of twenty-four teams agreeing to pay the $118,000 fee for inclusion. All American League clubs except the White Sox and Toronto joined and only the Cubs, Expos, Pirates, Braves, Astros and the Reds represented the National League.

To prevent the sale of "counterfeit" memorabilia, a system was developed to maintain the integrity of authentic baseballs during Hank Aaron's quest for Babe Ruth's home run record. After Aaron's 710th round-tripper, all official major league balls issued were "encoded" with a special serial number and a diamond symbol that was only visible under fluorescent light.

Twenty-seven years after Jackie Robinson first entered the majors, Frank Robinson became Major League Baseball's first black manager. The thirty-nine year old player / manager signed a $175,000 contract with the Cleveland Indians making him the team's twenty-eighth skipper. Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn announced that it should have taken place much sooner and Robinson stated that his only wish was that Jackie could have been there to share in the moment.

"I used to think Al Kaline could hit .400, or (Mickey) Mantle, but Mantle missed the ball too much. Too many strikeouts. He was forever going for the long ball, even with two strikes. Not quite enough finesse. And time ran out on Kaline and (Willie) Mays." - Ted Williams in My Turn at Bat (1988)
1974 American League Player Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Base on Balls

Oakland

110

Batting Average

Minnesota

.364

Doubles

Oakland

39

Hits

Minnesota

218

Home Runs

Chicago

32

On Base Percentage

Minnesota

.435

RBI

Texas

118

Runs

Boston

93

Slugging Average

Chicago

.563

Stolen Bases

Oakland

54

Total Bases

Oakland

287

Triples

California

11

1974 American League Pitcher Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Complete Games

Texas

29

ERA

Oakland

2.49

Games

Oakland

76

Saves

Chicago

24

Shutouts

Boston

7

Strikeouts

California

367

Winning Percentage

Baltimore

.688

Wins

Oakland

25

Texas

1974 American League

Team Standings

Baltimore Orioles

91 71 .562 0

New York Yankees

89 73 .549 2

Boston Red Sox

84 78 .519 7

Cleveland Indians

77 85 .475 14

Milwaukee Brewers

76 86 .469 15

Detroit Tigers

72 90 .444 19

Oakland Athletics

90 72 .556 0

Texas Rangers

84 76 .525 5

Minnesota Twins

82 80 .506 8

Chicago White Sox

80 80 .500 9

Kansas City Royals

77 85 .475 13

California Angels

68 94 .420 29

1974 American League Team Review

Hitting Statistics League Leaderboard

Base on Balls

Boston

569

Batting Average

Texas

.272

Doubles

Boston

236

Hits

Minnesota

1,530

Home Runs

Chicago

135

On Base Percentage

Texas

.338

Runs

Boston

696

Slugging Average

Chicago

.389

Stolen Bases

Oakland

164

Triples

Milwaukee

49

1974 American League Team Review

Pitching Statistics League Leaderboard

Complete Games

Boston

71

ERA

Oakland

2.96

Fewest Hits Allowed

Oakland

1,322

Fewest Home Runs Allowed

Oakland

90

Fewest Walks Allowed

Oakland

430

Saves

Chicago

29

Minnesota

Shutouts

Baltimore

16

Texas

Strikeouts

California

986



Did you know that on Opening Day in 1974 the New York Yankees played their home opener in Shea Stadium because Yankee Stadium was being remodeled?

In 1946 Bob Feller's fastball was clocked at 98.6 miles per hour (some sources claim it was 107 miles per hour) using a military measuring device. On August 20, 1974, Nolan Ryan's fastball was clocked at 100.9 miles per hour using a modern radar device during a game versus the Tigers. Ryan, who struck out nineteen batters, lost the game 1-0 to Mickey Lolich .

On September 24, 1974 , Al Kaline hit a shot down the right field line during the fourth inning versus Dave McNally of the Orioles. That double put Kaline in company with 11 other 3,000 Hit Club members! Eight days later the Tiger legend announced his retirement from the game.

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